TypeScript oclif

This plugin generates oclif CLI commands.

Usage Requirements

In order to use this GraphQL Codegen plugin, please make sure that you have GraphQL operations (query / mutation / subscription and fragment) set as documents: ... in your codegen.yml.

Without loading your GraphQL operations (query, mutation, subscription and fragment), you won't see any change in the generated output.

Installation

You can find a working example of this plugin here

$ yarn add @graphql-codegen/typescript @graphql-codegen/typescript-oclif

The, make sure you have typescript plugin as well in your configuration:

schema: http://localhost:4000
documents: 'src/commands/**/*.graphql'
generates:
src/types.ts:
- typescript
src/commands/:
preset: near-operation-file
presetConfig:
extension: .ts
baseTypesPath: ../types.ts
plugins:
- typescript-oclif:
handlerPath: ../../handler

Usage

With GraphQL Codegen, building a CLI tool for your GraphQL API couldn't be easier. In four steps, you can have a user-friendly command-line interface:

  1. Generate a boilerplate CLI using oclif
  2. Add GraphQL Documents (Queries & Mutations)
  3. Add and export a graphql client of your choice (graphql-request, apollo-client, etc)
  4. Add, configure, and run the code generator

Step 1: Generate the CLI scaffold

You'll be starting from your projects directory. From there, generate the CLI skeleton using oclif by following the steps in their guide. You can choose either the single or multi type, and can switch later if you change your mind.

Step 2: Add GraphQL Documents

These documents are how oclif will interact with your API. For each document, there will be exactly one command.

Within the directory created by the oclif tool, you'll have a subdirectory src/commands. That's where you'll put your GraphQL documents. Ie, to create a <cli-name> hello command, you'd write a src/commands/hello.graphql document, which will be used to generate a src/commands/hello.ts file. Important: each document should have exactly one GraphQL operation.

Step 3: Add & Export a GraphQL Query Handler

Which client you use, and how you configure it, is entirely up to you! It just has to conform to this QueryHandler signature:

import { Command } from '@oclif/command';
interface QueryHandlerProps {
command: Command;
query: string;
variables?: Record<string, any>;
}
type QueryHandler = (props: QueryHandlerProps) => any;

This allows you to pre-process, send, and post-process requests however you'd like, as well as format the results returned. The arguments are:

  • command: the command object being executed, described here in the oclif documentation.
  • query: the string version of the GraphQL query being executed.
  • variables: the variables as configured in your GraphQL operation and parsed by oclif.

You can add a src/handler.ts (or any other path), configure your handler function there, and then export your handler as the default export. It's in this module that you can handle auth logic, read config files, etc., and that will apply to all CLI operations. This file will not be modified by the codegen.

To get started quickly and easily, consider using the simple graphql-request as your handler:

// handler.ts
import { GraphQLClient } from 'graphql-request';
import { Command } from '@oclif/command';
interface QueryHandlerProps {
command: Command;
query: string;
variables?: Record<string, any>;
}
// Change the URL to the endpoint your CLI will use
const client = new GraphQLClient('http://localhost:4000');
const handler = ({ command, query, variables }: QueryHandlerProps) => {
return client
.request(query, variables)
.then(command.log)
.catch(command.error);
};
export default handler;

Step 4: Add & Configure GraphQL Codegen

First, follow the GraphQL-Code-Generator guide to install it, and make sure to also install @graphql-codegen/typescript-oclif. Then, change your codegen.yml file to look like this:

schema: <path-to-your-schema>
documents: "src/commands/**/*.graphql"
generates:
src/types.ts:
- typescript
src/commands/:
preset: near-operation-file
presetConfig:
extension: .ts
baseTypesPath: ../types.ts
plugins:
- typescript-oclif:
client: ../../client

Breaking that down:

  • Reading your schema allows the codegen tool to understand what types it's working with
  • The 'documents' section will collect all of your *.graphql files
  • src/types.ts creates the typescript types that the rest of the tool can reference
  • near-operation-file is a graphql-codegen preset which allows one output file per input file (ie, one .ts module per .graphql document) rather than one output file for the whole package. This is required for oclif to work, since it uses the file structure to generate the command structure.
  • Note: typescript-operations plugin isn't required, since this library isn't meant to be consumed programmatically (and so nothing reads the types that typescript-operations would produce)
  • The client path is to the file which has a default export of your graphql-request client, relative to the generated files (ie here, src/commands/something/file.graphql). Note that it has no extension.

With that configured, just run yarn graphql-codegen or npx graphql-codegen to generate all the necessary oclif command files. With that complete, follow the directions in the oclif guide to run your new CLI tool.

Advanced Features

Descriptions & Examples

You can add descriptions and examples for your commands via typescript-oclif with the @oclif client-side directive, like so:

mutation CreateAuthor($name: String!)
@oclif(description: "Create a new author", example: "cli author:create --name Alice", example: "cli author:create --name Bob") {
createAuthor(input: { name: $name }) {
name
}
}

This @oclif directive will not be sent to the server. Note that, for multiple examples, you must use multiple example keys rather than an examples array. This is a quirk feature of graphql.

Custom/Manually-maintained Commands

If you want a command that doesn't just execute a GraphQL Query or Mutation, then you can still create one manually in the same way as any other oclif application. If you wanted to add a fix command, for example, you can just create a file at src/commands/fix.ts, follow the oclif API (ie, export a class with a run() method), and graphql-codegen won't disturb that file - so long as you don't also create a fix.graphql file next to it (in which case, it would overrride fix.ts on the next run of graphql-codegen).